absent

英 [ˈæb.sənt]      美 [ˈæb.sənt]
  • adj. 缺席的;缺少的;心不在焉的;茫然的
  • vt. 使缺席
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absent 缺席的

来自拉丁语absentem,缺席的,现在分词格于abesse,缺席,离开,来自ab-,离开,esse,在, 存在,词源同is,essence,present.

absent
absent: [14] Absent is based ultimately on the Latin verb ‘to be’, esse. To this was added the prefix ab- ‘away’, giving Latin abesse ‘be away’; and the present participial stem of abesse was absent-. Hence, via Old French, the adjective absent and the noun absence. It has been conjectured, incidentally, that the present stem used for Latin esse was a descendant of Indo-European *sontos ‘truth’, from which English sooth comes.
absent (adj.)
late 14c., from Middle French absent (Old French ausent), from Latin absentem (nominative absens), present participle of abesse "be away from, be absent" (see absence). Related: Absently; absentness.
absent (v.)
"to keep away" (from), c. 1400, from Middle French absenter, from Late Latin absentare "cause to be away," from Latin absentem (see absent (adj.)). Related: Absented; absenting.
absent (prep.)
"in the absence of," 1944, principally from U.S. legal use, from absent (v.).
1. Carol was absent-minded and a little slow on the uptake.
卡萝尔心不在焉,反应有点迟钝。
2. You will have to put up with Grace's absent-mindedness.
你须得忍受格蕾丝心不在焉的作风。
3. I often do absent-minded things, particularly when I'm worried.
我常做些心不在焉的事,尤其是在我焦虑不安时。
4. Jo was absent from the house all the next day.
乔第二天一整天都不在家。
5. Absent a solution, people like Sue Godfrey will just keep on fighting.
假如得不到解决,像休·戈弗雷这样的人就会一直坚持斗争下去。