- adj. 缺席的；缺少的；心不在焉的；茫然的
- vt. 使缺席
absent:  Absent is based ultimately on the Latin verb ‘to be’, esse. To this was added the prefix ab- ‘away’, giving Latin abesse ‘be away’; and the present participial stem of abesse was absent-. Hence, via Old French, the adjective absent and the noun absence. It has been conjectured, incidentally, that the present stem used for Latin esse was a descendant of Indo-European *sontos ‘truth’, from which English sooth comes.
- absent (adj.)
- late 14c., from Middle French absent (Old French ausent), from Latin absentem (nominative absens), present participle of abesse "be away from, be absent" (see absence). Related: Absently; absentness.
- absent (v.)
- "to keep away" (from), c. 1400, from Middle French absenter, from Late Latin absentare "cause to be away," from Latin absentem (see absent (adj.)). Related: Absented; absenting.
- absent (prep.)
- "in the absence of," 1944, principally from U.S. legal use, from absent (v.).
- 1. Carol was absent-minded and a little slow on the uptake.
- 2. You will have to put up with Grace's absent-mindedness.
- 3. I often do absent-minded things, particularly when I'm worried.
- 4. Jo was absent from the house all the next day.
- 5. Absent a solution, people like Sue Godfrey will just keep on fighting.