abscess

英 [ˈæb.ses]      美 [ˈæb.ses]
  • n. 脓肿;脓疮
  • vi. 形成脓肿
星级词汇:
abscess
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abscess 脓肿

前缀abs-为ab-在字母c,t开头词根前变体。词根cess,走,见access,进入。指走出来的,代指脓肿。

abscess
abscess: [16] Abscess comes, via French abcès, from Latin abscessus, a noun derived from abscēdere ‘go away’. The constituent parts of this compound verb are abs ‘away’ and cēdere ‘go’, which has given English cede and a whole range of other words, such as accede and recede. The notion linking ‘abscesses’ and ‘going away’ was that impure or harmful bodily humours were eliminated, or ‘went away’, via the pus that gathered in abscesses.

It originated amongst the Greeks, who indeed had a word for it: apostema. This meant literally ‘separation’ (apo ‘away’ and histánai ‘stand’), and Latin abscessus was an approximate translation of it, possibly by Aulus Cornelius Celsus, the Roman writer on medical and other matters.

=> accede, cede, recede
abscess (n.)
1610s, from Latin abscessus "an abscess" (Celsus), literally "a going away," from stem of abscedere "withdraw, depart, retire," from ab- "away" (see ab-) + cedere "to go" (see cede). The notion is that humors "go from" the body through the pus in the swelling.
1. I got an abscess so he took the tooth out.
我牙龈脓肿,所以他就把那颗牙拔掉了。
2. Before too long my lung abscess healed up.
没多久,我的肺脓肿就痊愈了。
3. to lance an abscess
切开脓肿
4. Once an abscess has burst It'should be bathed with antiseptic liquid.
脓包一破溃,就应该用消毒液清洗.
5. A bad tooth may cause an abscess on the gums.
一颗病牙可使牙床脓肿.