abide

英 [əˈbaɪd]      美 [əˈbaɪd]
  • vt. 忍受,容忍;停留;遵守
  • vi. 持续;忍受;停留
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abide 停留

前缀a-来自古英语前缀ge-, 同com-, 表强调。bide,等待,停留。

abide
abide: see bide
abide (v.)
Old English abidan, gebidan "remain, wait, delay, remain behind," from ge- completive prefix (denoting onward motion; see a- (1)) + bidan "bide, remain, wait, dwell" (see bide). Originally intransitive (with genitive of the object: we abidon his "we waited for him"); transitive sense emerged in Middle English. Meaning "to put up with" (now usually negative) first recorded 1520s. Related: Abided; abiding. The historical conjugation is abide, abode, abidden, but the modern formation is now generally weak.
1. She couldn't abide his success.
她见不得他成功。
2. Miss Furniss could not abide sloppiness.
弗尼斯小姐受不了马马虎虎的作风。
3. I can't abide people with no sense of humour.
我讨厌和没有幽默感的人打交道。
4. You must abide by the results of your mistakes.
你必须承担你的错误所造成的后果.
5. If you join the club, you have to abide by its rules.
如果你参加俱乐部, 你就得遵守它的规章.